Chinese HSK 1 Vocabulary Table

Chinese Vocabulary Table

Simplified Traditional Pinyin Definition Example Sentence
ài to love; to be fond of; to like; affection; to be inclined (to do sth); to tend to (happen) 爱:我爱你。
eight; 8 八:八个苹果。
爸爸 爸爸 bà ba (informal) father; Classifiers: 个 爸爸:我爸爸很高。
杯子 杯子 bēi zi cup; glass; Classifiers: 个 ,只 杯子:一个杯子。
北京 北京 běi jīng Beijing, capital of People’s Republic of China; Peking; PRC government 北京:我去北京。
běn root; stem; origin; source; this; the current; original; inherent; originally; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc 本:这是我的书本。
不客气 不客氣 bú kè qi you’re welcome; don’t mention it; impolite; rude; blunt 不客气:不客气。
(negative prefix); not; no; variant of 不 ; (negative prefix); not; no 不:我不知道。
cài dish (type of food); vegetable; cuisine; Classifiers: 盘 ,道 ; (coll.) (one’s) type; (of one’s skills etc) weak; poor 菜:我喜欢吃菜。
chá tea; tea plant; Classifiers: 杯 茶:一杯茶。
chī to eat; to consume; to eat at (a cafeteria etc); to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [ji2]); variant of 吃 吃:我想吃饭。
出租车 出租車 chū zū chē taxi; (Tw) rental car 出租车:我坐出租车。
打电话 打電話 dǎ diàn huà to make a telephone call 打电话:我给你打电话。
big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; older (than); oldest; eldest; greatly; very much; (dialect) father; father’s elder or younger brother 大:这个很大。
de of; ~’s (possessive particle); (used after an attribute); (used to form a nominal expression); (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis); also pr. [di4] or [di5] in poetry and songs 的:这是我的书。
diǎn point; dot; drop; speck; o’clock; point (in space or time); to draw a dot; to check on a list; to choose; to order (food in a restaurant); to touch briefly; to hint; to light; to ignite; to pour a liquid drop by drop; (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更 ; dot stroke in Chinese characters; classifier for items 点:现在几点?
电脑 電腦 diàn nǎo computer; Classifiers: 台 电脑:我有一台电脑。
电视 電視 diàn shì television; TV; Classifiers: 台 电视:我喜欢看电视。
电影 電影 diàn yǐng movie; film; Classifiers: 部 电影:我们去看电影。
东西 東西 dōng xi thing; stuff; person; Classifiers: 个 东西:我要买东西。
dōu all; both; entirely; (used for emphasis) even; already; (not) at all 都:他们都在家。
to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音 读:我在读书。
对不起 對不起 duì bu qǐ unworthy; to let down; I’m sorry; excuse me; pardon me; if you please; sorry? (please repeat) 对不起:对不起,我错了。
duō many; much; often; a lot of; numerous; more; in excess; how (to what extent); multi-; Taiwan pr. [duo2] when it means “how” 多:我很多朋友。
多少 多少 duō shǎo number; amount; somewhat 多少:你有多少钱?
儿子 兒子 ér zi son 儿子:他是我的儿子。
èr two; 2; (Beijing dialect) stupid 二:这是二。
饭店 飯店 fàn diàn restaurant; hotel; Classifiers: 家 饭店:我们去饭店。
飞机 飛機 fēi jī airplane; Classifiers: 架 飞机:我坐飞机。
分钟 分鐘 fēn zhōng minute 分钟:五分钟。
高兴 高興 gāo xìng happy; glad; willing (to do sth); in a cheerful mood 高兴:我很高兴。
individual; this; that; size; classifier for people or objects in general; variant of 个 个:一个人。
工作 工作 gōng zuò to work; (of a machine) to operate; job; work; task; Classifiers: 个 工作:我有工作。
gǒu dog; Classifiers: 只 狗:这是一只狗。
汉语 漢語 hàn yǔ Chinese language; Classifiers: 门 汉语:我学习汉语。
hǎo good; well; proper; good to; easy to; very; so; (suffix indicating completion or readiness); (of two people) close; on intimate terms; (after a personal pronoun) hello 好:这个很好。
hào ordinal number; day of a month; mark; sign; business establishment; size; ship suffix; horn (wind instrument); bugle call; assumed name; to take a pulse; classifier used to indicate number of people; Classifiers: 个 号:我的电话号码是…
to drink; variant of 嗬 喝:我喝水。
and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; Taiwan pr. [han4] when it means “and” or “with”; surname He; Japanese (food, clothes etc); old variant of 和 ; old variant of 和 ; harmonious 和:我和他是朋友。
hěn (adverb of degree); quite; very; awfully 很:我很高兴。
后面 後面 hòu miàn rear; back; behind; later; afterwards; also pr. hou4 mian5 后面:请站在我后面。
huí to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; to return; to revolve; Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims); time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book); to curve; to return; to revolve; variant of 回 回:我回家了。
huì can; to be possible; to be able to; will; to be likely to; to be sure to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association; Classifiers: 个 [ge4]; a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3]) 会:我会说中文。
how much; how many; several; a few 几:你几岁?
jiā home; family; (polite) my (sister, uncle etc); classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian; Classifiers: 个 ; see 家伙 ; surname Jia 家:我有一家人。
jiào to shout; to call; to order; to ask; to be called; by (indicates agent in the passive mood); variant of 叫 叫:请叫我小明。
今天 今天 jīn tiān today; at the present; now 今天:今天天气很好。
jiǔ nine; 9 九:九个苹果。
kāi to open; to start; to turn on; to boil; to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc); to operate (a vehicle); carat (gold); abbr. for Kelvin, 开尔文 , book format 开:开门。
kàn to see; to look at; to read; to watch; to visit; to call on; to consider; to regard as; to look after; to treat (an illness); to depend on; to feel (that); (after verb) to give it a try; Watch out! (for a danger) 看:我看见你了。
看见 看見 kàn jiàn to see; to catch sight of 看见:我看见他了。
kuài lump (of earth); chunk; piece; classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc; (coll.) classifier for money and currency units 块:这个五块钱。
lái to come; to arrive; to come round; ever since; next 来:你来自哪里?
老师 老師 lǎo shī teacher; Classifiers: 个 老师:我是老师。
le (completed action marker); (modal particle indicating change of state, situation now); (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) 了:我知道了。
lěng cold; surname Leng 冷:天气很冷。
lining; interior; inside; internal; also written 里 ; li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m; neighborhood; ancient administrative unit of 25 families; (Tw) borough, administrative unit between the township 镇 levels; variant of 里 里:他在里面。
liù six; 6 六:这是六。
ma (question particle for “yes-no” questions) 吗:你好吗?
妈妈 媽媽 mā ma mama; mommy; mother; Classifiers: 个 妈妈:我妈妈很漂亮。
mǎi to buy; to purchase 买:我要买东西。
māo cat; Classifiers: 只 ; (dialect) to hide oneself; (coll.) modem 猫:这是一只猫。
没关系 沒關係 méi guān xi it doesn’t matter 没关系:没关系。
没有 沒有 méi yǒu haven’t; hasn’t; doesn’t exist; to not have; to not be 没有:我没有时间。
米饭 米飯 mǐ fàn (cooked) rice 米饭:我想吃米饭。
名字 名字 míng zi name (of a person or thing); Classifiers: 个 名字:你叫什么名字?
明天 明天 míng tiān tomorrow 明天:明天见。
how; which 哪:你住在哪里?
哪儿 哪兒 nǎ er where?; wherever; anywhere 哪儿:你在哪儿?
that; those; then (in that case); commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing 那:那是什么?
ne particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word (“What about …?”, “And …?”); particle for inquiring about location (“Where is …?”); particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board (“ok?”, “are you with me?”); (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action; particle indicating strong affirmation 呢:你呢?
néng can; to be able to; might possibly; ability; (physics) energy 能:我能帮你吗?
you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您 ) 你:你好。
nián year; Classifiers: 个 ; surname Nian; grain; harvest (old); variant of 年 年:今年是2023年。
女儿 女兒 nǚ ér daughter 女儿:她是我的女儿。
朋友 朋友 péng you friend; Classifiers: 个 朋友:我有很多朋友。
漂亮 漂亮 piào liang pretty; beautiful 漂亮:她很漂亮。
苹果 蘋果 píng guǒ apple; Classifiers: 个 苹果:我喜欢吃苹果。
seven; 7 七:七个鸟。
前面 前面 qián miàn ahead; in front; preceding; above; also pr. qian2 mian5 前面:请走在我前面。
qián coin; money; Classifiers: 笔 ; surname Qian 钱:我有一点钱。
qǐng to ask; to invite; please (do sth); to treat (to a meal etc); to request 请:请进来。
to go; to go to (a place); (of a time etc) last; just passed; to send; to remove; to get rid of; to reduce; to be apart from in space or time; to die (euphemism); to play (a part); (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth; (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker); (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation) 去:我去学校。
to warm up; to heat up; hot (of weather); heat; fervent 热:天气很热。
rén man; person; people; Classifiers: 个 人:这是一个人。
认识 認識 rèn shi to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with sb; knowledge; understanding; awareness; cognition 认识:很高兴认识你。
sān three; 3; surname San 三:这是三。
商店 商店 shāng diàn store; shop; Classifiers: 家 商店:我要去商店。
shàng on top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university) 上:请上楼。
上午 上午 shàng wǔ morning; Classifiers: 个 上午:我上午有课。
shǎo few; less; to lack; to be missing; to stop (doing sth); seldom 少:我少了一本书。
shéi who; also pr. [shui2] 谁:你是谁?
什么 什麼 shén me what?; something; anything 什么:这是什么?
shí ten; 10 十:这是十。
时候 時候 shí hou time; length of time; moment; period 时候:现在几点钟?
shì is; are; am; yes; to be; variant of 是 ; (used in given names) 是:这是我的书。
shū book; letter; document; Classifiers: 本 ; to write; abbr. for 书经 书:我喜欢读书。
shuǐ water; river; liquid; beverage; additional charges or income; (of clothes) classifier for number of washes; surname Shui 水:我想喝水。
水果 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit; Classifiers: 个 水果:我喜欢吃水果。
睡觉 睡覺 shuì jiào to go to bed; to sleep 睡觉:我要睡觉了。
shuō to speak; to say; to explain; to scold; to tell off; a theory (typically the last character in a compound, as in 日心说 heliocentric theory); variant of 说 说:我会说中文。
four; 4 四:四个苹果。
suì classifier for years (of age); year; year (of crop harvests); variant of 岁 , year; years old 岁:我五岁。
he or him; (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant); (used before sb’s name for emphasis); (used as a meaningless mock object); other; another 他:他是我的朋友。
she; her 她:她很漂亮。
tài highest; greatest; too (much); very; extremely 太:这个太贵了。
天气 天氣 tiān qì weather 天气:今天天气很好。
tīng to listen; to hear; to obey; a can (loanword from English “tin”); classifier for canned beverages 听:我听到了音乐。
同学 同學 tóng xué to study at the same school; fellow student; classmate; Classifiers: 位 同学:他是我的同学。
wèi hey; to feed (an animal, baby, invalid etc); to feed; variant of 喂 喂:喂,你好吗?
I; me; my; myself 我:我很高兴。
我们 我們 wǒ men we; us; ourselves; our 我们:我们一起去吧。
five; 5 五:五个苹果。
喜欢 喜歡 xǐ huan to like; to be fond of 喜欢:我喜欢吃水果。
xià down; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down; to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc); measure word to show the frequency of an action 下:请下车。
下午 下午 xià wǔ afternoon; Classifiers: 个 ; p.m. 下午:下午见。
下雨 下雨 xià yǔ to rain 下雨:今天下雨了。
先生 先生 xiān sheng teacher; husband; doctor (dialect); Classifiers: 位 ; Mister (Mr.) 先生:你好,先生。
现在 現在 xiàn zài now; at present; at the moment; modern; current; nowadays 现在:现在几点?
xiǎng to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth) 想:我想吃饭。
xiǎo small; tiny; few; young 小:这是一个小狗。
小姐 小姐 xiǎo jie young lady; miss; (slang) prostitute; Classifiers: 个 小姐:服务员,小姐。
xiē classifier indicating a small amount or small number greater than 1: some, a few, several 些:我有一些书。
xiě to write 写:我写字。
谢谢 謝謝 xiè xie to thank; thanks; thank you 谢谢:谢谢你。
星期 星期 xīng qī week; Classifiers: 个 ; day of the week; Sunday 星期:今天是星期几?
学生 學生 xué sheng student; schoolchild 学生:他是学生。
学习 學習 xué xí to learn; to study 学习:我喜欢学习。
学校 學校 xué xiào school; Classifiers: 所 学校:我在学校。
one; 1; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; “one” radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1); also pr. [yao1] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit 一:这是一本书。
一点儿 一點兒 yī diǎn er erhua variant of 一点 一点儿:我有一点儿钱。
医生 醫生 yī shēng doctor; Classifiers: 个 医生:他是医生。
医院 醫院 yī yuàn hospital; Classifiers: 所 医院:我去医院。
衣服 衣服 yī fu clothes; Classifiers: 件 衣服:这是我的衣服。
椅子 椅子 yǐ zi chair; Classifiers: 把 椅子:请坐椅子。
yǒu to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be 有:我有一本书。
yuè moon; month; monthly; Classifiers: 个 月:这是六月。
再见 再見 zài jiàn goodbye; see you again later 再见:再见,拜拜。
zài (located) at; (to be) in; to exist; in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress) 在:他在家。
怎么 怎麼 zěn me how?; what?; why?; variant of 怎么 怎么:你怎么样?
怎么样 怎麼樣 zěn me yàng how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things? 怎么样:这个怎么样?
zhè this; these; (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing) 这:这是我的书。
中国 中國 zhōng guó China 中国:我来自中国。
中午 中午 zhōng wǔ noon; midday; Classifiers: 个 中午:中午吃饭。
zhù to live; to dwell; to stay; to reside; to stop; (suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt) 住:我住在北京。
桌子 桌子 zhuō zi table; desk; Classifiers: 张 桌子:这是一张桌子。
letter; symbol; character; word; Classifiers: 个 ; courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China 字:这个字怎么写?
昨天 昨天 zuó tiān yesterday 昨天:昨天天气很热。
zuò to do; to make; to produce; to write; to compose; to act as; to engage in; to hold (a party); to be; to become; to function (in some capacity); to serve as; to be used for; to form (a bond or relationship); to pretend; to feign; to act a part; to put on appearance 做:我会做饭。
zuò to sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc); to bear fruit; variant of 座 ; surname Zuo 坐:请坐下。