HSK Vocabulary Lists

Navigate Your HSK Journey

Select a level to explore the respective HSK Vocabulary List and enrich your Chinese language mastery.

Discover the essential 150 words that lay the foundation for basic conversations and everyday expressions.
Expand your horizons with 150 additional words, enhancing your ability to communicate in common, practical situations.
Broaden your vocabulary with 300 new words, delving into more complex language use and cultural nuances.
Deepen your Mandarin skills: Master 600 new words that are crucial for engaging discussions and advanced reading.
Elevate your proficiency with 1300 new words, enabling you to converse fluently and appreciate diverse literary genres.
Command over 2500 new words that empower you to articulate sophisticated ideas and understand intricate texts.

Understanding HSK: The Global Standard for Chinese Proficiency

The Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK) is the official standardized test of Mandarin Chinese proficiency for non-native speakers. It serves as a benchmark for individuals aiming to assess and enhance their Chinese language skills for academic, professional, or personal reasons. Administered by the Hanban, an agency of the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, the HSK is recognized globally and is often a prerequisite for college admissions or job applications in Chinese-speaking environments.

The HSK test is stratified into six distinct levels, each designed to assess the Mandarin Chinese proficiency of the examinees in a comprehensive manner. HSK 1 and HSK 2 measure beginners’ abilities, focusing on basic words and sentences for everyday communication. HSK 3 and HSK 4 are for intermediate learners, testing one’s ability to communicate in Chinese on a wide range of topics and engage in extended conversations. HSK 5 and HSK 6 are advanced levels, examining the examinees’ command of the language, including understanding complex texts and expressing themselves coherently and effectively in Chinese.

Each level of the HSK is progressively challenging, requiring a deeper understanding of grammar, vocabulary, and the ability to use Chinese in various contexts. The vocabulary lists for each level provide a clear roadmap for learners, indicating the specific words and phrases they need to master to succeed at that level. These lists are not just a study aid but a curriculum in themselves, guiding learners through the complexity of the language.

The significance of the HSK lies not only in its role as a standard of proficiency but also as a tool for educational and professional development. Success in the HSK can open doors to scholarships, educational opportunities in China, and is often considered a valuable asset by employers looking for bilingual capabilities. For students and professionals alike, the HSK is a stepping stone towards achieving fluency in one of the world’s most spoken languages and a gateway to engaging with Chinese culture and society.

Embracing the New HSK Structure: Transitioning to 10 Levels

In recent educational developments, the Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK) has been restructured from the original 6-level framework to a more granular 10-level system. This change reflects an effort to more accurately represent the different stages of language acquisition and to provide a more detailed pathway for learners of Mandarin Chinese. The expansion to 10 levels allows for a smoother progression in difficulty, accommodating finer distinctions between learners’ abilities, especially at the higher levels of language mastery.

The first three levels of the new structure correspond to the beginner stages, with each subsequent level representing a step towards greater complexity and depth in language use. The new intermediate levels, HSK 4 to 6, delineate the journey toward advanced comprehension and expression, with the final four levels, HSK 7 to 10, designed to reflect a near-native command of the language. This granular approach addresses previous gaps, particularly between levels 4 and 5 of the old system, where students often experienced a significant leap in difficulty.

The revision also aligns with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), providing learners and educators with a more internationally recognized benchmark of proficiency. Aspiring learners can expect a more tailored learning experience, with textbooks and resources being updated to reflect these changes. Additionally, the new levels are expected to offer more targeted goals for academic and professional aspirations, ensuring that achievements in Mandarin proficiency are measured and recognized more precisely on the global stage. This transition to a 10-level system underscores the importance of Mandarin as a critical language in the 21st century and the need for a more nuanced assessment of its acquisition.


What is the new HSK 10-Level structure?

The HSK has been expanded to a 10-level system to provide a more detailed assessment of Chinese language proficiency, allowing for finer distinctions between the different stages of language learning.

The change was made to align more closely with internationally recognized language proficiency frameworks and to provide a smoother transition between levels, particularly for higher-level learners.

The new structure introduces four additional levels, creating a more granular progression path from beginner to near-native fluency.

Levels 7-10 will challenge learners with advanced to near-native material, including complex texts and sophisticated conversation skills.

Yes, previous HSK certifications remain valid. The new structure does not invalidate past achievements.

New study materials are being developed and published to reflect the updated structure. These can be found through official HSK channels and participating educational institutions.

Registration for the new HSK levels will be available through the official HSK test service website, where you can also find information on test dates and centers.

With new levels introduced, there may be changes to the test format. Detailed information on the format will be provided alongside the study materials for each level.